Accountability Courts ( NAB Matters)​

Under the National Accountability Ordinance, the national accountability bureau or NAB was recognized on 16th November 1999. It is an autonomous executive agency that deals with the prevention of corruption, raising public awareness, and enforcing anti-corruption measures.

Under the constitution of Pakistan, the NAB has the authority to

The power given to NAB is extended to conduct inquiries at a higher level (white-collar crimes) under the Article 270AA of the Constitution of Pakistan.

Its headquarters is located in Islamabad, and the four regional offices are located in the four provinces and capital territories of Pakistan.

White-collar crime

The Law of Pakistan aims to provide equal justice to every citizen without discrimination of any kind. But there are loopholes in the legal system that give rise to discrimination.

When a person of low social status commits a crime, he is punished under the strict rules of the Law of Pakistan but is a person of high social status commits a crime, and the Law gets softer towards him in terms of punishment. Such offenses committed by a person of high social status are called white-collar crimes.

Persons involved in white-collar crime

Under the National Accountability Ordinance, there are two types of people involved in white-collar crime:

Holder of Public Office

Under the section 5, clause (l), of National Accountability Ordinance 1999, a Holder of public office is a person who:

  • Speaker of the National Assembly,
  • Chairman Senate
  • Deputy Speaker National Assembly
  • Minister of State
  • Federal Minister
  • Attorney General
  • other Law Officer appointed under the Central Law Officers Ordinance, 1970
  • Advisor to the Prime Minister
  • Federal Parliamentary Secretary,
  • Special Assistant to the Prime Minister
  • Member of Parliament
  • Auditor General
  • Political Secretary
  • Consultant or Advisor to the Prime Minister who holds or has held a office with status of a Minister of State or Federal Minister
  • Speaker Provincial Assembly
  • Deputy Speaker Provincial Assembly
  • Provincial Minister
  • Advisor to the Chief Minister
  • Special Assistant to the Chief Minister
  • Provincial Parliamentary Secretary
  • Member of the Provincial Assembly
  • Advocate General
  • Political Secretary
  • Consultant or Advisor to the Chief Minister who holds or has held a office with status of a Provincial Minister

Commission of Offence

When a public office holder, or any person of a high social status commits the offense of corruption, the offense is said to be a white-collara

National Accountability Ordinance of 1999

The declaration of National Accountability Ordinance was to put efforts in eliminating corruption and such practices.

The National Accountability Ordinance revoked the Ehtesab Act 1997, and all the awaiting proceedings transferred to the NAB.

Punishments for Corruption and such Practices

A person who commits the crime of corruption and such practices is punishable:

Appeal and Revision

The Prosecutor General Accountability can, on behalf of the convicted person, appeal to the provincial High Court if he is dissatisfied by the final judgment and the order of the Court under the National Accountability Ordinance.

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